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  • 1960s

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  • 1960s Timeline

    August, 1957 -- Moorhead State Teachers College is renamed Moorhead State College (MSC)- (read the official announcement). The tuition is for 1957 is $40.00 per quarter (fall, winter and spring) for residents, $120.00 per quarter for non-Minnesota students.

    Spring, 1958 -- Controversy over use of student-collected funds for a student union leads to a short "protest" when an old church bell tower burns one night in the center of campus. (read memories of some students concerning the controversy).

    August, 1958 -- Dahl Hall, the new dormitory for women students, opens. Federal student loans, provided by the newly passed National Defense Education Act (NDEA) makes it a certainty that college enrollments will grow for decade.

    July-August, 1958 -- Arthur Knoblauch, sixth president of Moorhead State, leaves to become president of an Illinois college. John Neumaier becomes the seventh president of MSC. (see Neumaier's reflections on coming to MSC).

    June, 1960 -- MSC awards degrees to 190 students at the 57th Spring Commencement ceremony; two are MS degrees in Education, the only graduate program offered. The newly printed MSC Bulletin profiles the college -- 73 college faculty, approximately 1500 students (full- and part-time), nine buildings (including the newly opened Livingston Lord Library).

    August, 1960 -- Tuition is now based on credits taken; for 1960-61 is $3.50 per credit for residents of Minnesota, $5.50 per credit for out-of state residents. Housing costs $210 per quarter (for $10 extra a student can have a single room). Fees amount to $10 per quarter. "Sixteen credits is considered a typical load" of classes per quarter, 48 credits for a standard academic year. Enrollment grows to 1555 students, the largest increase to date.

    September 1960 -- John Neumaier announces that, with a 62 percent increase in full-time, on campus students, MSC is "one of the fastest growing colleges in the Upper Midwest." To deal with the number of new students, Floyd Brown, an experienced high-school counselor, joins the administration as Director of Counseling.

    January, 1961 -- Asked in a campus poll if a student would pay "five dollars a quarter toward the construction of a student center," 638 say "yes," 151 say "no." Preliminary planning begins for building a student union.

    March, 1961 -- Rev. James Henderson, pastor of the Moorhead Presbyterian Church, speaks at the campus Easter Convocation on the subject of the Resurrection as "A Day to Remember." He tells the students that if the Christian Resurrection does not exist, "then this world is a stupid joke."

    May, 1961 -- Ada Comstock Notestein, the daughter of Moorhead pioneer Solomon Comstock, speaks at the dedication of the new Livingston Lord Library on campus. Notestein, the former president of Radcliffe College, urges women students to expand roles for women in American business and public service. (see Library Dedication program).

    June 1961 -- MSC adopts the American College Test (ACT) as a prerequisite for admission to the College. Recommendations from high school principals are no longer necessary.

    October, 1961 -- Dr. Robert Hanson, director of admissions at MSC, assures students that a standing policy "initiated during the Korean crisis of the 1950s," will grant any student "drafted into the military...full credit to all courses in which he is doing satisfactory work."

    November, 1961 -- MSC faculty debate a resolution recently passed by the Western Division of the Minnesota Education Association. The MEA resolution calls for special lesson units in "patriotic anti-communism" to be taught in all Minnesota schools, grades four through twelve. The MSC faculty by a vote of 66 to 6 refuses to endorse the resolution, favoring instead classes "to further international understanding.

    1961-1962 -- As the number of students enrolling in colleges continues to rise across the nation, the MSC administration issues a "Report on Facilities" which estimates that at least sixty more faculty, two more dormitories and "a humanities building" would be needed within the next seven years.

    February, 1962 -- George Starcher, president of the University of North Dakota, addresses MSC students in an on-campus convocation. Emphasizing that education must now change to "free peoples' minds of stereotyped ideas," he predicts that in the future, students will insist on having more influence over the contents of their learning.

    June, 1962 -- MSC awards 214 degrees at Spring Graduation exercises. Exit interview with students show that over two-thirds of the graduates have already found jobs in the booming national economy -- (see the 1962 commencement program).

    August, 1962 -- Newly finished men's dormitory opens on campus. In the Spring it will be named Snarr Hall for MSTC president Otto Snarr (1940-55).

    In 1962, the average cost of gasoline is 31 cents a gallon. Milk costs 49 cents a gallon, first-class stamps cost 4 cents, and the average cost of a new home is $18,200. Tuition at MSC holds steady, but will be raised in the fall of 1963 to $4.25 per credit.

    September, 1962 -- On-campus enrollment reaches a new record -- 2129, representing 22 of the US states and 7 foreign countries. Dr. Neumaier emphasizes that MSC is becoming not just a regional Minnesota school but a widely recognized liberal arts college.

    January, 1963 -- Earl Herring, assistant to the president, announces that construction of the long-anticipated student union should begin in 1964 and be completed the following year. "General plans now are that the Student Union would be built as a northern extension of the Kise Commons cafeteria."

    April, 1963 -- As new junior colleges are being constructed in Minnesota, MSC President John Neumaier urges the state to develop a plan for a "Liberal Arts education" that could match the best offered anywhere else in the nation. (read Neumaier's speech).

    May, 1963 -- MSC Academic Dean Wilbur Williams sends a memo to department chairpersons noting that soon "merit raises" in pay will be distributed to a select number of faculty. These raises "assist in the process of differentiating" between faculty on the basis of teaching performance and scholarly publication. The merit raises are welcomed by some faculty while others see them as a divisive force. (read Williams' memo).

    November, 1963 -- President Neumaier speaks at a special joint MSC-Concordia College "memorial service in memory of John Fitzgerald Kennedy." Neumaier urges college students as graduates to honor the assassinated president by working for reforms, removing "hatred and prejudice" and promoting "social justice."

    February, 1964 -- Many MSC student attend the 3rd Annual Institute on Human Rights, in which regional, national, and international scholars invited to campus discuss issues on human rights and "promotion of international understanding." Several of the students at the sessions tell Mistic reporter that they hope to join the Peace Corps after graduation. Unknown to all of them, the US military is increasing the number of "military advisors" in South Vietnam.

    May, 1964 -- Leonard Inskip, columnist for Minneapolis Tribune, praises MSC administration for leadership in persuading the State Education Board to approve higher entrance requirements at all state colleges, MSC personnel have worked hard "to assemble the best teachers and the best students" and have substantially revamped its academic program to stress liberal arts.

    September, 1964 -- Over 2800 students are enrolled this fall. Another new Federal program helps with the cost of college -- the College Work-Study Program.

    October, 1964 -- Concerned about the growing trend to dress casually, the Student Commission adopts a rule requiring students to follow a strict dress code on Sundays, in the cafeteria. Men are required to wear "a shirt and tie, sweater or sport coat, dress slacks and oxford shoes." Women are expected to "wear dresses, nylons, and flats or heels." In addition, "girls will not be served evening meals during the week if they are not wearing "skirt, dress, or culottes." Students appear to accept the rule -- for now.

    October, 1964 -- Student Patrick Day (future Dean of Instruction at St. Thomas University) pens a mocking letter to the Mistic, complaining about hours at the college library: "hows we sposed to git smart when librery don't stay open but to 9:30? Udder coleges stay open ladder -- why nut uss?"

    October, 1964 -- Students Doug Johnson and Tom Bertek, presidents, respectively, of the Young Republicans (YGOP) and Young Democrats (YDFL), debate the merits of the two candidates for US president. "Barry Goldwater does not promise that if he is elected there will be something for everyone," argues Doug Johnson; "Barry Goldwater does promise to maintain the highest of character and morality." Lyndon Johnson will aid higher education, fight poverty and "keep the world in peace," replies Bertek; young people should heed Johnson's call to "ignite a fire in the breast of this land, a flaming spirit of adventure that soars beyond the ordinary and the contented and really demands greatness from our society."

    October, 1964 -- Ruth Temple, writer for the Mistic, profiles older women who are taking classes at MSC -- "grandmothers, busy wives and mothers [who] return to college" to complete the "unfinished business" of getting a degree. Some of the women she interviews are there because they want a job ("nowadays it takes two to make a good living," says one), while others, having raised children, now want something more ("I think I'll be a better person for having come back," says another woman).

    December, 1964 -- "Dragon Fire" columnist lauds the new movie, Hard Days Night. The Beatles on screen were "refreshing and funny because [the film] had no point to make. The film's "inane rollicking gambol" gave viewers a "healthy sense of silliness" in "an age of anxiety."

    February, 1965 -- US Representative Clark MacGregor (R-Minnesota) visits MSC campus and speaks on foreign policy. MacGregor, a veteran of the OSS in World War II, hopes Johnson will take steps to win the support of "villagers in Southeast Asia," without whom he cannot succeed in stabilizing the region.

    April, 1965 -- Larry Scott, MSC sports editor lauds "Spring, [when] a young man's fancy turns to baseball." Profiles and photographs of the 12 new and recently remodeled buildings are displayed on campus, including the recently built Dahl, Snarr, Hagen and Nemzek buildings. Another new women's dorm (Grantham Hall) will open in the fall, and groundbreaking has begun for the new Center for the Arts. (see the draftsman's plan for the Center).

    May, 1965 -- New guidelines at North Dakota State University will permit MSC students to take part in NDSU's 2-year Reserve Officer Training programs (ROTC). Both the Air Force and Army programs "have vacancies for their second period of training."

    May, 1965 -- NDSU, MSC and Carleton College professors hold a teach-in on Southeast Asia on the NDSU campus. MSC Professor Feld (Political Science) will take part in the teach-in and invites students to attend and "become better informed about the Viet Nam War."

    May, 1965 -- MSC announces that Walter Mondale, recently appointed by the Governor of Minnesota to complete the US Senate term of Hubert H. Humphrey (now the Vice-president of the US), will speak at the upcoming graduation. Senator Mondale's subject will be "American Education."

    September, 1965 -- State Board of Education approves the addition of three new Masters degree programs for MSC -- MA in English, MA in Music, MS in Biology are added to the MS in Education. Academic Dean Maurice Townsend stresses in his announcement that enrollment for these new degrees will be limited and "entrance requirements will be high." (see the 1960s requirements for obtaining a graduate degree -- requires Adobe to open file).

    September, 1965 -- With a growing number of students entering college from rural areas, the Federal Educational Opportunity Grant Program (EOG) provides low-cost grants (not loans) to families who have limited finances. Student activity fees now contribute over $100,000 to campus activities, about a quarter of which is used in athletics, the remainder on the Performing Arts Series, Homecoming, campus radio, etc. Over 3300 students are now at MSC.

    October, 1965 -- Denying the widely held belief that MSC students are "apathetic" in regard to national issues, a student writes that she has friends who are "currently establishing an SDS [Students for a Democratic Society] movement on campus" -- "my friends are not apathetic, I am not apathetic."

    November, 1965 -- The US Congress passes the Higher Education Act, which devotes more Federal funding to to colleges and universities and offers low-cost loans to prospective college students.

    November, 1965 -- Pianist Charles Rosen performs in Weld Hall, in one of the first offerings of MSC's new Performing Arts Series.

    November, 1965 -- Dr. Yvonne Condell, MSC biology instructor, is named to "Who's Who in America."

    November, 1965 -- The Young Democrats host a panel discussion at the Library on the topic "Pre-Marital Sex and Birth Control."

    November, 1965 -- Dr. O. J. Hagen, former College Director and noted physician (for whom Hagen Hall was named) dies in Fargo at age 93. Hagen's late wife, Moselle Weld Hagen, was the daughter of Dr. Frank Weld, second president of Moorhead State.

    December, 1965 -- After a lengthy open forum on campus, in which all facets of the military situation in Vietnam were discussed by faculty and students, MSC students vote three to one in favor of "the current US policy."

    January, 1966 -- The MSC College Administration develops plans for facilities and programs based on the estimate that 7500 students will be enrolled annually in classes within ten years.

    January, 1966 -- The staff of the Mistic reprints a column from the student newspaper of the University of Cincinnati; the column advocates the right of students to "have a voice in evaluating their professors" through an independent system of ratings and comments.

    February, 1966 -- Male students are informed that "Selective Service Officials" of the Federal Selective Service system have decided to use "a testing system" to employ "a testing system as a guide for local draft boards in granting student deferments." State directors of the Selective Service expect to have 35,000 students take the achievement test in the coming weeks, so that "students with low grades will know that they might be drafted in the coming summer." Over 200,000 US military personnel are now stationed in Vietnam; the majority are draftees.

    February-March, 1966 -- Two major debates are argued on campus -- should MSC require more PhDs from its faculty; should the Students for a Democratic Society (SDS) be granted a charter as a recognized student organization. Opinions are divided among faculty and students. But virtually everyone agrees -- MSC needs more parking!

    April, 1966 -- Maurice Townsend, dean of MSC, accepts a position in California. Roland Dille, associate dean of the college, is named dean.

    April, 1966 -- After much debate, SDS is granted a charter as a student organization (see president's letter of recognition). SDS hosts "Bitch-In" soon after to call for formal student evaluations of faculty, and the right of "two consenting adults to live together" even if it violates local law.

    May, 1966 -- Cal Olson, reporter for the Fargo Forum, speaks on campus of his four week visit to Vietnam, reports that most Minnesota-North Dakota soldiers he talked to in Vietnam favor the US presence there.

    June, 1966 -- As construction of the new student union continues, 377 students graduate.

    September, 1966 -- Enrollment now exceeds 3800. Dr. Neumaier addresses 1200 students at the opening academic convocation, stressing that a major focus in the coming year should be on "respect for the dignity of individual human beings regardless of color, place of birth, economic position, cultural origin or spiritual commitment." In the next several months, MSC officials begin designing a plan for providing scholarships to recruit more minority students at MSC.

    September, 1966 -- MSC music department announces that the college choir will undertake "for the first time" a performance tour in Europe. Recordings of the choir's on-campus performances will be sold to help pay tour expenses.

    October, 1966 -- MSC faculty now numbers a record high of 63 professors, representing almost all of the fifty US states, and eleven foreign countries. Increasing numbers of faculty hold PhDs, one has been a Rhodes scholar and four others -- including Dr. Philip Seitz, chair of Art, -- have taught abroad as Fulbright scholars.

    November, 1966 -- Clarence "Soc" Glasrud (class of 1934 and faculty in English) is named "Alumni King" by MSC Alumni Association. Glasrud is happy to accept the award "so long as there is no committee work involved."

    November, 1966 -- MSC football team completes season with 6-3 record, new records for offensive yards and scoring, and its first Northern Intercollegiate Conference title since 1952.

    December, 1966 -- 34 MSC students are named to Who's Who Among Students in American Universities and Colleges.

    December, 1966 -- Dr. Otto Snarr, former president of Moorhead State Teachers College (1940-55) dies in his native West Virginia, at age 80.

    December, 1966 -- International students presently taking classes at MSC are profiled in the Mistic. Most are from Western European nations, with a small number from Asia and Africa. One student praises quality of classes but feels her native Canada has more freedom -- "drinking is not prohibited at dances at home."

    January, 1967 -- Robert Short, author of the best-selling "Gospel According to Peanuts," speaks at Performing Arts program.

    January, 1967 -- Because the US Congress has reduced funding for the National Defense Student Loan Program, financial aid officer David Anderson warns that money for summer school classes may be "tight."

    February, 1967 -- A busy month, that includes Peace Corps recruitment on campus and the announcement that Roland Dille is assuming the duties of Dean of the College, concludes when the Center for the Arts is dedicated on the campus.

    Spring, 1967 -- Concerned about the small number of minority students enrolled at MSC, President John Neumaier begins discussions with citizens' groups, the Urban League and the United Negro College Fund for the purpose of creating a special effort to recruit students of color. The plan will tentatively be called "Project E-Quality."

    April, 1967 -- With work on the student union (attached to Kise Dining Hall) nearing completion, the building will be dedicated as the "Comstock Memorial Union," in honor of the Comstock family, whose members had donated the land for the college in 1887.

    April, 1967 -- The April Fools issue of the "MSC Misfit" runs plan for the new "low-hole" dorm, an eighty-foot deep, "simple hole in the ground." The dorm's main features -- easy to cool in winter, and, in case of fire, "just open a hydrant and the building will fill with water." Total cost of construction, "less than $1000, if dogs help with the digging."

    May, 1967 -- Two weeks after the Mistic suggests protestors should be expelled (see editorial), MSC student Linda McDonnell urges students to attend speech by US Vice-president Hubert Humphrey to "demonstrate our opposition to US policies in Vietnam."

    June, 1967 -- Over 425 seniors graduate at commencement exercises.

    September, 1967 -- Enrollment now passes 4000. Clay County Sheriff's department states that their deputies will begin "increased monitoring" of "keg parties;" says one deputy, "I don't like to raid kids' parties because I was a kid too once. But if I get a call from some angry farmer saying there's a bunch of kids out in his field whooping it up, I have to protect his rights." Local law enforcement is also increasingly concerned about use of illegal drugs.

    October, 1967 -- "The Browser Bookshop" opens in Moorhead, featuring paperback books and the community's first large collection of "psychedelic prints and posters."

    October, 1967 -- Of those who respond to a nation-wide poll, forty-six percent express "doubt" that the US military can achieve a "major victory" in Vietnam. A Mistic editorial that same week believes the recent protest held at the Pentagon "threatens" the nation's "international stature."

    November, 1967 -- SDS campus organization requests that Marine Corps recruiters be banned from campus, and professors sponsor a panel discussion on Vietnam. A far larger audience attends the "Psychedelic Fashion" show at the Student Union.

    November, 1967 -- Eugene McCarthy, US Senator for Minnesota, says that he will challenge President Lyndon Johnson for the Democratic Party nomination; he plans to make withdrawal from Vietnam the central point of his campaign. Johnson has recently been told by US military commanders that, despite the presence of over 500,000 US troops in Vietnam, an "indefinite" stalemate is likely.

    January, 1968 -- At MSC, President John Neumaier submits his resignation, to accept a job in New York. In Vietnam, the Tet Offensive increases opposition to the US presence in Vietnam.

    January 1968 -- After considerable debate, the Council on Student Affairs votes to reject a resolution to ban military and other Federal government recruiters from campus. The resolution was offered by Dr. Edward Estes (Political Science) in response to a proposal by the US Selective Service to draft anti-war "students because of their political views."

    February, 1968 -- Political and social difference emerge during the Student Senate elections; one candidate denies having suggested that "John Neumaier and [Joe] Bernick are members of a subversive Jewish organization," or saying that Bernick "hates all Christians." Bernick is defeated in the subsequent election.

    April, 1968 -- When Martin Luther King is assassinated in Memphis, black students on campus vow to "fight [King's] fight" for social and racial justice. President Neumaier, in one of his last speeches before departing for New York, calls for an end to "apartheid in America, which is practiced even by some of us at Moorhead State College." Neumaier leaves MSC for a college presidency in New York; enrollment under his tenure grew from 1100 to just over 5000 in 1968.

    April-May, 1968 -- Roland Dille becomes the eighth president of Moorhead State. Presidential candidates McCarthy, Robert Kennedy and Richard Nixon campaign in Fargo-Moorhead. Commencement closes out a tumultuous academic year.

    June-August, 1968 -- Robert Kennedy is assassinated in Los Angeles; MSC students witness upheavals in Chicago as Hubert Humphrey is nominated by the Democratic Party for the presidency.

    September, 1968 -- Classes begin; Joe Bernick takes position as the editor of the Mistic. Roland Dille admonishes the newspaper for quoting obscenities used by student protestors and police at the Chicago Democratic Party convention.

    September, 1968 -- Project E-Quality begins when 50 minority students enroll for classes (read about Project E-Q).

    October, 1968 -- Student poll shows slim majority for Nixon as next president. The Student Senate asks the Registrar's office to stop sending grades and other information to local draft boards.

    November, 1968 -- As Nixon wins in a close election, a candidate for Student Senate stirs debate by claiming that students who do not seek to "place limits" on college authority are "subservient."

    January, 1969 -- By a unanimous vote, the Student Senate recommends abolishing curfews on women students (only those juniors and seniors age 21 or older were exempt from late-night curfews). The Senate deadlocks on a resolution to name the newest dorm "Malcolm X Hall."

    February, 1969 -- Mistic mockingly congratulates Concordia College for permitting dances on campus after a two-year campaign by Concordia students; paper also chides president and Faculty Senate for interfering with "press freedom." Complaining that the newspaper "does not represent the majority of students," Iota Alpha fraternity burns copies of the Mistic in protest.

    March, 1969 -- Students learn that state government may mandate an increase in tuition and dormitory expenses for 1969-70.

    April, 1969 -- Students from all local colleges turn out to stack sandbags as Red River floods following a cold, wet winter.

    April-May 1969 -- School year ends amidst controversies: an incident between white students and black students threatens Project E-Quality (see E-Quality page); Mistic publication is suspended over censorship; and "Zip to Zap" makes national news.

    September-October, 1969 -- Enrollment now tops 5200. The new fall quarter begins with planting of the reconciliation "Tree of Life," a committee is established to review ROTC presence on campus, and publication of the "Independent Mystic" (off campus). The Tri-College University agreement permits students of MSC, Concordia, and NDSU to enroll at classes in the three institutions without paying extra tuition costs.

    December, 1969 -- Community members meet in Moorhead to sign the "Articles of Incorporation" for the Moorhead State College Foundation, the purpose of which to raise funds from private donors "for the benefit of Moorhead State College." In coming years the Foundation will help fund scholarships, arts events, and the building of the Regional Science Center.

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