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  • Red Weather History

Red Weather

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  • History

    With the support of the English Department at Minnesota State University Moorhead, Red Weather has published under various names since the first issue, including Convivio, which published 1963-1969. It then published as Three Seasons 1977-1982, when students changed the name to Red Weather, from Wallace Stevens' poem "Disillusionment of Ten O'Clock."

    1963-1968 Convivio is published at Moorhead State University, initially including literary and scholarly work, though later editors devote the journal solely to creative writing.

    1969 Tom McGrath joins the Moorhead State faculty, leading the English Department to offer creative writing workshops every quarter and poetry readings to become a regular occurrence.

    Spring 1969 Knight Printing refuses to typeset what it considers libelous and obscene material by two student contributors to Convivio. After an English Department vote, the offending material is cut from the issue. The issue goes to press with the following disclaimer from its student editors: “We are asked to create cautiously, with one eye out for public disapproval, and a literary magazine such as Convivio cannot exist under such conditions…From our position, this expurgated issue will be the last…”

    1970 A group of students led by faculty member Mark Vinz publish The Fat Giraffe independent of the university. Its six issues are stapled and copied using a student's family's mimeograph machine. Vinz's wife is the journal's typist. They produce six issues before disbanding the next year.

    1971-1981 Vinz and three students redirect their energy to the nationally distributed Dacotah Territory poetry journal, which is based at Moorhead State but independent of the university.

    1976 Students approach McGrath about starting a literary magazine; McGrath sends them to Vinz, who is more experienced in this area.

    Spring 1977 The first issue of The Three Seasons (subtitled “Primal Burst”) is published, with plans to publish each quarter of the academic year. The magazine develops ties to the art department, delaying subsequent issues to Winter 1977 and Spring 1978.

    With the graduation of its founding editors, The Three Seasons becomes an annual publication with cover illustrations only.

    Under the next set of editors, The Three Seasons stops seeking funds from the student budget committee and seeks a new name, ultimately becoming Red Weather in homage to the Wallace Stevens poem "Disillusionment of Ten O'Clock," the notorious weather of the Red River Valley, and Moorhead State's school colors.

    1984 A group of editors decides Red Weather is too closed to innovative writing, and instead publishes the one and only issue of Restless Muse, which is read from back-to-front.

    1985-present Red Weather continues to publish annually every spring.

    1995 The Master's of Fine Arts in Creative Writing program is created at Moorhead State.

    2007 Vinz retires, turning over the position of faculty advisor of Red Weather to Liz Severn. Vinz's last issue is Spring 2008.

    2009 For the first time ever, Red Weather is produced by ENGL 495/595: Literary Editing and Magazine Production instead of by student volunteers.