Planning and Preparation: Answering the "why" and "how" of
It is important that students perform service that is meaningful
to them. Involving them in this step contributes to meaningful
Meaningful Service: Asking the Question of
This step is the actual performance of community service. At
this time students should be contemplating how their classroom
education applies to their community service and asking
Aside from these questions, students should be reevaluating the
goals they had made in Step 1 and adjusting them accordingly.
Structured Reflection: Evaluating the Outcomes and Benefits
This is perhaps the most valuable component of service-learning.
Structured reflection allows the student to evaluate the
meaningfulness of his/her experience. At this point, students
There are many ways one can structure the reflection process.
Note that this process must be academically acceptable in order for
service learning to be an educational tool. Journaling and small-
or large-group discussion are among the most favored methods of
reflection, but there are many others to choose from: